Ground School is not as easy as you think. The subjects are pretty hard and your course period is short which adds up to more stress.
To give you some insight; a little explanation on how the theory is structured at HM Aerospace, Langkawi. It takes 9 to 10 and is divided into 3 phases.
- Phase 1: Principles of Flight, Aircraft General Knowledge (Power plant, Electronics and Airframe & Systems), Communication.
- Phase 2: Mass & Balance, Performance, Human Performance & Limitations, Instrumentation, Meteorology.
- Phase 3: Air Law (CAAM), Operation, Flight Planning, General Navigation, Radio Navigation.
For Phase 1, we sit for 4 papers which are; 1 for Principles of Flight, 1 for Aircraft General knowledge & 2 for Communication. Personally, I feel Principles OF Flight and Engines are to be considered as the challenging subjects where you will need a full and thorough understanding to score well.
During Phase 1, we had almost 6-10 Progress Tests (PT’s) for each subject. After each of the phases we had school finals, internal examinations in order to assess our knowledge on the lectured subjects and therefore our ability to pass the EASA exams.
The instructors here are mostly free-liners and ex air force pilots.
Now lets venture into the academic journey;
After completing each syllabus you are required to sit for a progress test whereby the instructors will analyse your level of understanding. But honestly, compared to final tests the progress tests are much more harder to score because we had to explain as to why and how for every objective answer that we gave. Even though, the circled answers are correct but the explanations are wrong, the answer is considered wrong. So failing in the progress test or not being able to surpass the passing mark is a norm.
Scroll down to compare with my final results. And I didn’t really focus on PT’s because I utilized the time to prepare for my finals.
First of all, lets start with:
Principles Of Flight
Out of all other subjects in Phase 1, POF is considered one of the toughest subjects. As a student, you will need a full understanding on how everything works. There is no mugging up for this subject. Mugging up means that you just memorize all the answers given in the Aviation Exam app and attempt for the test without understanding the contents. Therefore, I strongly suggest my fellow friends to make good use of the Oxford book. This is very important as the diagrams and graphs will help you in understanding and answering the questions. POF is a very interesting subject as you start getting into it deeper and deeper so getting a grasp on this subject is highly recommended as this will help you in other phases.
Utilize the Oxford book to the maximum and try to draw every diagram.
Total of 44 questions and one hour will be given. Don’t prepare last minute
Aircraft General Knowledge
80 Questions, 2 Hrs
Combination of Airframe, Electric & Engines
Airframes & Systems
Personally for airframes, The only thing that helped me was Aviation Exam. I flipped through the Oxford book several times but I found it to be time consuming and Aviation Exam, on the other hand, had more precise notes to help me out. Again I suggest as a student you to do all the questions in aviation exam app 9-10 times. Because most of the exams in EASA final exams are from this app.
In my finals I got about 49 Airframe Questions.
Disclaimer; This advice is not for Avionic students.
To fellow cadets, My advise is to just mug up for this subject. Master on how the busbar distribution works which will be like playing maze. Whereas for the other questions just mug up though there are some tricks (guided below) for you to help answer. For my finals I got 11 electric questions and 7 of it were busbar distribution.
Tips & Tricks (Keywords & Answers):
Which means whenever you see the keyword there is definitely only one same answer for every question.
- Real Load – CSD Torque
- Reactive Load – Excitation Current
- Real & Reactive Load – Voltage (V) & Frequency (HZ)
- AC to DC – Rectifier
- DC to AC – Inverter
- Alternator rotor – DC
- Alternator Stator – AC
- Phase Imbalance – Tie Breaker
- Underspeed – Generator Breaker
- Anything besides Phase Imbalane & Underspeed – Generator Breaker & Exciter Relay Breaker
- Electical Load Decreases – Decrease excitation current ( Vice Versa)
- Disconnecting CSD – Hight Oil Temp, Low Oil Pressure
- CSD – Constant Frequency
RPM, Number of Pole & Frequency Formula.
stay tuned for more updates (coming soon)
The engine is split into two parts piston & gas turbine. Most of the questions from finals are gas turbine engine questions. Somehow you will find that piston engine questions are easier than gas turbine engine. NO MUGGING UP
So the key is to master gas turbine engine and as I say keep doing aviation exam, understand the graphs and explanations.
For Piston Engines focus more on – Turbocharger & Supercharger
Gas Turbine – All
In my finals I got about 19 Gas turbine Engine and 1 Piston Engine Question.
This is not a subject for me actually. I did all the questions in Aviation Exam (AE). You will be given 24 questions each VFR and IFR. The questions are all from AE so again just mug it up. The chances of getting 90% & above and even 100% in finals is very high. So keep the book aside for this subject and focus on other hardcore subjects such as POF, Airframes & Engines.
My Final Result:
” Never let go off your aviation exam app, Don’t be too dependent on instructors, Try not to resit papers as each papers cost about 600 MYR “
Group Study & Moments before entering the exam hall
Last but not least. PRAY
Temple in Kuah, Langkawi. 30/9/2018